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{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl2581\margr4235\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn2581\margrsxn4235\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi0\ri29\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 eir own partners, and the women burnt themselves \expndtw-3 ong with their deceased husbands.\super 1\nosupersub  These Kathaians \expndtw4 ught with great dash and stubbornness, so much so \expndtw-4 tat even Poros had to come to the aid of Alexander with \expndtw1 i force of 5,000 Indians".\super 2\nosupersub  At last, when the fortress \expndtw-2 11, no less than 17,000 of the defenders gave up their \expndtw8 res and more than 70,000 were captured together \expndtw-2 ith 300 waggons and 500 horsemen.\super 3\nosupersub  This resolute \expndtw0 distance of the Kathaians incensed Alexander to such \expndtw6 i extent that he razed Sangala to the ground. Then \expndtw4 ith a view to guarding the rear he sent Greek garri->ns to the conquered cities, and himself marched \expndtw1\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'95\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 wards the Hyphasis (Beas) to realise his cherished \expndtw-3 ream of planting the Hellenic standards in the eastetn-\expndtw-1 .ost ends of India.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li5\fi0\ri0\sb206\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex83\expndtw5\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 'he Greek army refuses to advance}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li5\fi276\ri36\sb170\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 But when Alexander reached the river, a strange \expndtw8 ling happened. His ever-victorious troops, which \expndtw-6 a.d braved many a danger and privation so far, suddenly \expndtw1 Id down arms and refused to go further for the sake \expndtw3 .ther of fame or of plunder.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li5\fi0\ri0\sb202\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\super\cf1\charscalex79\expndtw7\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 l\nosupersub s causes}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li7\fi286\ri0\sb156\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Before we follow the fortunes of Alexander in the \expndtw0 Durse of his return journey, let us pause here to con-\expndtw1 der and analyse the causes of this unexpected change \expndtw9 i the attitude of the Greek soldiers. What was it \expndtw8 wing to which the war-drum failed to produce an \expndtw7 :ho in their hearts, and the impassioned entreaties \expndtw9 ad eloquent exhortations of their supreme com-\expndtw-1 iander and king evoked no response except streaming}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li242\fi0\ri0\sb425\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 2\nosupersub  Arrian, V, 24, M'crindle's \i Invasion by Alexander, \i0 p. 119.}\par }